The Rules of Official Poker
A card game in which players wager money and chips. It is played in a number of ways, with some games involving more than 10 players. It can be a social game, played for pennies or matchsticks, or a professional game in which people compete for thousands of dollars. In either case, luck plays a role, but skill is also crucial. In 2010, poker was officially declared a mind sport by the International Mind Sports Association, but it may be a while before we see it on an Olympic stage.
While the rules vary between different variations, most of the major card games are similar. The cards are arranged into ranks, with clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades making up the suits. There are also special cards that can be used to break ties, depending on the game. A player who holds a high-card hand wins the pot, unless otherwise stated in the game’s rules.
There are a number of rules that are specific to the game of poker, such as how to deal the cards and the amount of time between hands. In addition, there are rules governing how to call, raise and fold a hand. The verbal declaration of a player that they are going to take a particular action, such as betting or raising, is binding and cannot be changed once the action has been taken. In addition, players are required to have a certain amount of playable money in front of them at the start of each hand and are not allowed to buy more chips between hands.
One of the most important aspects of official poker is ensuring that all players understand the rules, which are standardized to allow for easy comparison between different cardrooms. The rules are drafted by Robert Ciaffone, who is well-known as a professional poker player and expert on cardroom rules. He has worked as a rules consultant for several cardrooms and has authored several rule books.
The aim of this book is to produce a set of rules that is broadly acceptable, so that it can be copied without restriction or credit and used by any cardroom that wishes to do so. However, the rules must be modified to reflect the local rules and regulations of the specific cardroom, including any additional policies that are imposed by management.
Each game must have at least 200 poker chips. Each white chip is worth the minimum ante or bet; red chips are worth five whites; and blue chips are worth 10, 20 or 25 whites. One person should be designated as the banker, who keeps track of the total value of the player’s chips and how many he has purchased or paid for in cash. Players should not make private transactions or exchanges of chips between themselves, but should obtain their chips only from the banker.
The rules are organized in chapters for ease of reference, and each chapter includes an introduction with a summary of the rules that follow. Any questions about the rules should be directed to a supervisor, who is a cardroom employee qualified to make rulings.